Pilihanraya Presiden Mesir : calon Ikhwan Muslimin Dr. Mohamad Morsi menang
berita tak rasmi mengatakan undi calon Ikhwan Muslimin Dr. Mohamad Morsi mengatasi Ahmed Syafik, calon dari parti pro regim mubarak hampir sejuta undi...
info pilihanraya presiden mesir rujuk sini...
Islamist claims victory in Egypt president vote
By LEE KEATH, Associated Press – 17 minutes ago
CAIRO (AP) — The Muslim Brotherhood declared early Monday that its candidate, Mohammed Morsi, won Egypt's presidential election, which would be the first victory of an Islamist as head of state in the stunning wave of protests demanding democracy that swept the Middle East the past year. But the military handed itself the lion's share power over the new president, sharpening the possibility of confrontation.
With parliament dissolved and martial law effectively in force, the generals issued an interim constitution making themselves Egypt's lawmakers, taking control over the budget and granting themselves the power to determine who writes the permanent constitution that will define the country's future.
But as they claimed victory over Hosni Mubarak's last prime minister Ahmed Shafiq after a deeply polarizing election, the Brotherhood challenged the military's power grab. The group insisted on Sunday that it did not recognize the dissolution of parliament or the military's interim constitution — or its right to oversee the drafting of a new one.
That pointed to a potential struggle over spheres of authority between Egypt's two strongest forces. The Brotherhood has campaigned on a platform of bringing Egypt closer to a form of Islamic rule, but the military's grip puts it in a position to block that. Instead any conflict would likely center on more basic questions of power.
In a victory speech at his campaign headquarters, Morsi clearly sought to assuage fears of a large sector of Egyptians that the Brotherhood will try to impose stricter provisions of Islamic law. He said he seeks "stability, love and brotherhood for the Egyptian civil, national, democratic, constitutional and modern state" and made no mention of Islamic law.
"Thank God who led successfully us to this blessed revolution. Thank God who guided the people of Egypt to this correct path, the road of freedom, democracy," the bearded, 60-year-old U.S.-educated engineer declared.
He vowed to all Egyptians, "men, women, mothers, sisters, laborers, students ... all political factions, the Muslims, the Christians" to be "a servant for all of them."
"We are not about taking revenge or settling scores. We are all brothers of this nation, we own it together, and we are equal in rights and duties."
Final official results are due on Thursday, and the Shafiq campaign challenged the Brotherhood's victory claim, saying it was "deceiving the people." A campaign spokesman on the independent ONTV channel said counting was still going on with 19 of 27 provinces completed and Shafiq slightly ahead so far.
The Brotherhood's declaration was based on results announced by election officials at individual counting centers, where each campaign has representatives who compile the numbers and make them public before the formal announcement. The Brotherhood's early, partial counts proved generally accurate in last month's first round vote.
The group said Morsi took 51.8 percent of the vote to Shafiq's 48.1 percent out of 24.6 million votes cast, with 98 percent of the more than 13,000 poll centers counted.
At their campaign headquarters, the Brotherhood officials and supporters were ebullient over the turn of fate: The fundamentalist group that was banned for decades and repeatedly subjected to crackdowns under Mubarak's rule now held the chair that their nemesis was ousted from by last year's 18 days of mass protests. The uprising was launched by secular, leftist young activists, joined only later by the Brotherhood's leadership as millions took to the street, seeking an end to the authoritarian, corrupt regime.
Now some in Brotherhood were ready to challenge the generals. "Down with military rule," the supporters chanted.
The Arab Spring uprisings have brought greater power to Islamists in the countries where longtime authoritarian leaders were toppled — but Eygpt is the only one to have an Islamist president. The Islamist Ennahda party won elections in Tunisia for a national assembly and it leads a coalition government, but the president is a leftist. Libya's leadership remains in confusion and there is no president, though Islamists play a strong role, and an Islamist party is part of the coalition government in Yemen.
The question now will be how a Brotherhood president will get along with the military generals who have ruled since Mubarak fell on Feb. 11, 2011 and who will still hold powers that can potentially paralyze Morsi. The Brotherhood has reached accommodations with the generals at times over the past 16 months, as it struck deals with Mubarak's regime itself — gaining it a reputation among critics as willing to sell out for a taste of authority.
But after a highly polarized presidential election and the miltary's arrogation of powers to itself, the Brotherhood presented itself as willing to get into a confrontation with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, the body of top generals headed by Field Marshall Hussein Tantawi, Mubarak's defense minister for 20 years.
Just before the election, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, which has ruled since Mubarak's fall, slapped de facto martial law on the country, giving military police and intelligence agents the right to arrest civilians for a host of suspected crimes, some as secondary as obstructing traffic. Then came Thursday's ruling by the Supreme Constitutional Court dissolving parliament, followed by the interim constitution declaration just after polls closed Sunday following two days of voting.
According to a copy of the document obtained by The Associated Press, the generals would be the nation's legislators and control the budget.
The president will be able to appoint a Cabinet and approve or reject laws. Notably, the declaration prevents him from changing the make-up of the military council and gives Tantawi the commander-in-chief powers that previously went to the president.
The generals will also name the 100-member panel tasked with drafting a new constitution, thus ensuring the new charter would guarantee them a say in key policies like defense and national security as well as shield their vast economic empire from civilian scrutiny.
Under the document, new parliament elections will not be held until a new constitution is approved, meaning an election in December at the earliest. In the constitution-writing process, the military can object over any articles and the Supreme Constitutional Court — which is made up of Mubarak-era appointees — will have final say over any disputes.
"In freezing the SCAF's current membership in place and giving it such sweeping powers, the provisions really do constitutionalize a military coup," Nathan Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, said in an e-mail.
Earlier Sunday, the Brotherhood's speaker of parliament Saad el-Katatni met with the deputy head of the military council, Chief of Staff Gen. Sami Anan and told him the group does not recognize the dissolution of parliament, according to a Brotherhood statement that pointedly referred to el-Katatni by his title.
El-Katatni insisted the military could not issue an interim constitution and that the constituent assembly formed last week would meet in the "coming hours" to go ahead with its work in writing the permanent charter.
Still, the Brotherhood has no power to force recognition of the parliament-created constituent assembly, which already seems discounted after parliament's dissolution and is likely to be formally disbanded by a pending court ruling. Lawmakers are literally locked out of parliament, which is ringed by troops.
The generals, mostly in their 60s and 70s, owe their ranks to the patronage of Mubarak. All along, activists from the pro-democracy youth groups that engineered the anti-Mubarak uprising questioned the generals' will to hand over power, arguing that after 60 years of direct or behind-the-scenes domination, the military was unlikely to voluntarily relinquish its perks.
The presidential race was a bitter one.
Shafiq, a former air force commander and an admirer and longtime friend of Mubarak, was seen by opponents as an extension of the old regime that millions sought to uproot when they staged a stunning uprising that toppled the man who ruled Egypt for three decades.
Morsi's opponents, in turn, feared that if he wins, the Brotherhood will take over the nation and turn it into an Islamic state, curbing freedoms and consigning minority Christians and women to second-class citizens.
Trying to rally the public in the last hours of voting, the Brotherhood presented a Morsi presidency as the last hope to prevent total control by the military council of Mubarak-era generals.
"We got rid of one devil and got 19," said Mohammed Kanouna, referring to Mubarak and the members of the military council as he voted for Morsi after night fell in Cairo's Dar el-Salam slum. "We have to let them know there is a will of the people above their will."
But the prospect that the generals will still hold most power even after their nominal handover of authority to civilians by July 1 has deepened the gloom, leaving some feeling the vote was essentially meaningless.
"Things have not changed at all. It is as if the revolution never happened," Ayat Maher, a 28-year-old mother of three, said as she waited for her husband to vote in Cairo's central Abdeen district. She said she voted for Morsi, but did not think there was much hope for him.
"The same people are running the country. The same oppression and the same sense of enslavement. They still hold the keys to everything."
AP correspondents Hamza Hendawi and Maggie Michael contributed to this report.
Copyright © 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
Calon Ikhwan menang p'raya Presiden Mesir
Dr. Syed Azman Syed Ahmad, 18 Jun 2012
KAHERAH: Setelah tamatnya tempoh mengundi pada jam 10 malam, proses pengiraan undi pusingan kedua pilihan raya Presiden terus berjalan di setiap pusat-pusat mengundi di seluruh Mesir.
Ia berjalan lancar dan tidak ada sebarang kekacauan besar yang dilaporkan berlaku setakat ini di seluruh Mesir. Akan tetapi pertandingan pusingan kedua ini telah menyerlahkan lagi pertembungan sengit antara calon dari gerakan Islam Ikhwan Muslimin dengan calon yang ditaja dari saki-baki pimpinan rejim Mubarak serta pihak tentera SCAF.
Proses pengiraan undi berjalan lancar terutama apabila baru-baru ini Parlimen telah mengeluarkan ketetapan bahawa hendaklah dibuat kiraan undi tempat undian itu sendiri bagi lebih menjamin ketelusan dan mengelakkan sebarang penipuan. Proses pengiraan ini dikawal selia oleh seorang hakim dan wakil-wakil calon yang bertanding. Salinan keputusan di peti undi tersebut diberi kepada setiap wakil calon dengan ditandatangani sendiri oleh seorang hakim yang memang menyelia peti undi di sepanjang tempoh pengundian.
Keputusan tidak rasmi yang di keluaran setakat ini menunjukkan calon Ikhwan Muslimin Dr. Mohamad Morsi mendahului di kebanyakan daerah mengundi. Keputusan awal tidak rasmi mendapati Dr Mohamad Morsi mendapat 52.5% undi iaitu lebih 12.7 juta undi manakala calon tajaan bekas rejim Mubarak, Ahmed Syafik mendapat 47% undi dengan 11.3 juta undi dan ketinggalan lebih satu juta undi di belakang Dr. Morsi.
Suasana di pejabat FJP nampaknya ceria dengan berita yang diterima setiap minit tentang keputusan bilangan undi yang banyak memihak kepada calon mereka Dr. Morsi. Pemuda-pemuda Ikhwan yang menjadi tenaga penting sepanjang pilihanraya ini kelihatan amat sibuk menyediakan bahan-bahan media dan juga melayan ramai pemberita-pemberita tempatan dan antarabangsa yang berkumpul di pejabat FJP.
Ya, keputusan tidak rasmi ini yang meletakkan calon Ikhwan Dr. Mohamad Morsi menang sebagai Presiden pertama dalam sejarah Mesir yang dipilih secara demokratik oleh rakyat. Kemenangan ini juga bakal menjadi ‘mimpi ngeri’ bagi Kuasa Barat yang selama ini menjadikan rejim Mubarak sebagai alat bagi melindungi Israel dan menjaga kepentingan strategik mereka di Timur Tengah. Begitu juga dengan saki-baki rejim Mubarak yang masih dapat memperalatkan institusi kehakiman dan polis serta pihak tentera SCAF yang banyak melakukan tindakan bertentangan dengan perlembagaan Mesir sendiri bagi melindungi kepentingan kedudukan mereka.
Seperti yang telah dimaklumi, Parlimen Mesir baru sahaja dibatalkan oleh Mahkamah Perlembagaan Mesir dan pihak tentera SCAF terus membubarkan Parlimen dengan kuasa yang ada pada mereka. Lebih parah lagi dengan menjangkakan kemenangan akan berpihak kepada calon FJP, pihak tentera SCAF telah melakukan 8 ‘pindaan kilat’ kepada perlembagaan Mesir yang dilihat adalah untuk menjamin kuasa yang ada pada pihak tentera. Antara pindaan yang dilaksanakan adalah; memberi kuasa penuh kepada SCAF bagi menentukan pindaan perlembagaan yang baru, Presiden berkuasa mengisytiharkan Perang hanya dengan ‘kelulusan’ dari SCAF dan sekiranya berlaku sebarang kekacauan dalam negara, Presiden boleh memanggil pihak tentera hanya dengan kebenaran SCAF.
Dari pengamatan saya sepanjang kempen pilihanraya Presiden berjalan, kuasa-kuasa besar Barat serta sekutunya Israel telah berusaha keras dengan menjalankan pelbagai propaganda jahat bagi memastikan calon ‘tajaan’ mereka menang dalam pilihan raya ini. Ahmad Syafik telah diberikan pelbagai publisiti besar oleh media yang masih dikuasai oleh saki-baki pro-Mubarak. Ia juga turut dibantu oleh media barat terutamanya BBC dan CNN yang melebalkan Syafik ‘sebagai calon penyalamat’ bagi membangun semula Mesir selepas kejatuhan rejim Mubarak. Calon Ikhwan FJP Dr. Mohamad Morsi pula, telah di serang habis-habisan dengan pelbagai tuduhan negatif serta kempen menakut-nakut pengundi terutamanya dari kalangan yang beragama Kristian akan ‘bahaya’ kemenangan parti Islam yang akan membawa Mesir kembali kepada zaman unta.
Namun kekuatan jentera pilihanraya dari calon Ikhwan Muslimin peru diberikan pujian. Mereka telah berjaya menyaingi jentera media barat ini dengan banyak menggunakan kempen melalui media baru seperti Twitter dan Facebook. Bgitu juga dengan kempen dari rumah ke rumah yang dijalankan oleh pemuda dan muslimat ikhwan di seluruh pelosok Mesir tanpa mengenal penat an lelah telah menampakkan hasil yang positif.
Keputusan rasmi penuh hanya akan diumumkan pada Khamis depan oleh Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya Mesir. Namun keputusan tidak rasmi yang didapati setakat ini menunjukkan bahawa Mesir selepas kejatuhan rejim zalim Mubarak akan terus berubah dengan “Kuasa rakyat’ akan terus memimpin. Masa depan Ikhwan Muslimin dan gerakan Islam adalah cerah setelah mereka kini dapat sedikit bernafas dengan bebas dan telus di medan demokrasi yang disanjung Barat. Kemenangan calon Ikhwan ini juga akan juga menjadi inspirasi dan semangat kepada PAS bagi menghadapi PRU13 akan datang di negara kita Malaysia. Tahniah Dr. Morsi...
bermula era baru
Takbirrr... heheh... geng kuat PAS nih..
alhamdulillah...tk sbr nk tgu berlaku kat malaysia
nak tau juga apa pandangan org2 yg marah sgt bila regim mubarak digulingkan...:D
lambang parti Dr Morsi tu cam BN la...dacing...hahahahaha
alhamdulillah,,semoga Allah memberi mereka kemudahan utk mentadbir
Calon bn tu..............
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